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THE JEWS AND THE LAW

BY WHAT means did the Jews know God's will?

"Behold, thou art called a Jew, . . . and knowest His will, . . . being instructed out of the law." Romans 2:17, 18.

What did they have in the law?

"Which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law." Verse 20.

    NOTE.—The written law presents the form of knowledge and of the truth. Grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. He was the law in life and action.

JESUS AND THE LAW

What did Jesus say of- His attitude toward the law?

"Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil." Matthew 5:17.

NOTE.—"The law" includes the five books of Moses; and "the prophets," the writings of the prophets. Christ did not come to set aside, but to fulfill, both. The ceremonial types and shadows contained in the books of Moses He fulfilled as their great Antitype. The moral law, the basic fabric underlying all Moses' writings, Christ fulfilled by perfect obedience. The prophets He fulfilled in His advent as the foretold Messiah, Prophet, Teacher, and Saviour.

What did He teach concerning the stability of the law?

"For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled." Verse 18.

    NoTE.—"We must understand that the Ten Commandments are just as binding upon Christian people as they were upon the Children of Israel. . . .

"The Moral Law is a part of the natural law of the universe. . . . Just as a natural law broken in the material world brings its inevitable consequences, so the Moral Law broken brings its inevitable consequences in the spiritual and mental worlds.

"The Lord Jesus knew this. He knew it much better than anyone else who ever lived. Therefore He built His Gospel upon a firm foundation of Moral Law, knowing that such a foundation can never be upset. . . .

"Christ's teaching goes beyond the Ten Commandments, but does not thereby make the Commandments of non-effect. Quite the contrary! Christianity strengthens the authority of the Commandments."—The Episcopal Church Stinday School Magazine, June-July, 1942, vol. 105, no. 6, pp. 183, 184, Sunday School lesson for June 28.

"The basic laws of morality, and particularly the Ten Commandments, remain until the end of time as the moral and spiritual foundation upon which the New Testament religion is built."—The Snowden-Douglass Sunday School Lessons for 1946, p. 279. Copyright, 1945, by The Macmillan Company, and used by their permission.

How did He stress the importance of keeping the law?

"Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least command- ments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven." Verse 19.

NoTE.—"Our King has not come to abrogate the law, but to confirm and reassert it. His commands are eternal; and if any of the teachers of it should through error break His law, and teach that its least command is nullified, they will lose rank, and subside into the lowest place. The peerage of His kingdom is ordered according to obedience. . . . The Lord Jesus does not set up a milder law, nor will He allow any one of His servants to presume to do so. Our King fulfills the ancient law, and His Spirit works in us to will and to do of God's good pleasure as set forth in the immutable statutes of right- eousness."—CHARLES H. SPURGEON, The Gospel of the Kingdom (1893 ed.), p. 48.

What did Christ tell the rich young man to do in order to enter into life?

"If thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments." Matthew 19:17.

When asked which commandments, what did Jesus say?

"Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neigh- bour as thyself." Verses 18, 19.

    NOTE.—While not quoting all ten commandments, Jesus quoted sufficient to identify the moral law. The second great commandment called attention to the principle underlying the second table of the law—love to one's neighbor, —which the rich young man was not keeping.

SIN AND THE WHOLE LAW

What proves that the law is an undivided whole?

"For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. For He that said [margin, "that law which said"], Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law. So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty." James 2:10-12. How is sin defined? "Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law." 1 John 3:4.

Does faith render the law void?

"Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law." Romans 3:31:

How CAN MAN FULFILL THE LAW?

What is more important than any outward ceremony?

"Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God." 1 Corinthians 7:19.

What kind of mind is not subject to the law of God?

"The carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be." Romans 8:7.

How is the law fulfilled?

"Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another bath fulfilled the law. For this, Thou shalt not com- mit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment [touching our duty to man], it is briefly com- prehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law." Romans 13:8-10.

How may we know that we love the children of God?

"By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep His commandments." 1 John 5:2.

What is the love of God declared to be?

"For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments: and His commandments are not grievous." Verse 3.

How is the church of the last days described?

"The dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ." "Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus." Revelation 12:17; 14:12

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